04 avril 2017

Sri Kalki Purana (by Sri Krsna Dvaipayana Vyasadeva) - note de lectura

Translated by Bhumipati Das.
Published by Jai Nitai Press, 2006.
Chapter One. A description of Kali-Yuga
Achyuta – one of the names of Vishnu (means: one who will never lose his inherent nature and powers).
Indra – king of Svarga and the Devas, god of lighting, thunder, storms, rains and river flows.
Narayana – a Vedic deity associated with the waters of creation and sometimes with the sun. Vishnu sometimes assumes the name Narayana in certain scripture.
Kalki will appear in a family of brahmanas. He will annihilate the sinful kings of Kali-yuga. (text 3)
Lord Brahma created “Sin personified, having a black complexion”. The name of the creature was Adharma (Irreligion). His wife was Mithya (Falsehood) – beautiful, eyes like those of a cat. Their son was Dambha (Pride) – angry and energetic. (text 15-16)
Dambha has a sister named Maya, and within her womb, he begot a son named Lobha (Greed), and a daughter named Nikriti (Cunning). Lobha begot a son named Krodha (Anger), in the womb of Nikriti.

Himsa (Envy) was Krodha’s sister. From the womb of Himsa, Krodha begot a son named Kali.
Kali is always seen to be holding his genitals in his left hand. His complexion is very black.
“Kali’s abdomen is like that of a crow, his face is frightening to behold, and his tongue is red and appears to be full of greed. His appearance is very fearful and a bad small emanates from his body. Kali is very fond of playing chess, drinking wine, enjoying the company of prostitutes, and associating with gold merchants.” (text 19)
The family of Kali: reservoirs of mental distress, disease, old age, destruction of religious principles, sorrow, lamentation and fear.
Signs of the beginning of Kali-yuga:
- quarreling and fighting between men;
- too much concern about the hair, the clothes and the ornaments;
- confusion between money and soul;
- lending money and interest no longer a problem;
- people will become hypocrites, liars and cheaters;
- sudras will accept charity or plunder others’ health;
- mutual agreement as the sole criteria for marriage;
- sympathy and magnanimity as forms of duplicity;
- might makes right;
- fools will become talkative;
- shortages of food production;
- married women behaving like prostitutes;
- the politics will become abusive;
- the people will eat without discrimination (no fasting);
- almost everyone will become blasphemous;
It will disappear:
- the study of the Vedas;
- performance of sacrifice;
- chanting of mantras;
- other religious practices.

Chapter Two. The Birth and Sacred Thread Ceremony of Lord Kalki
The promise of Lord Hari (Vishnu): “O Brahma, rest assured that I will soon descend to the earth and appear in the village known as Sambhala. I will take birth in the house of a brahmana named Visnuyasa, from the womb of his wife, Sumati. [...] I will then again establish Satya-yuga, and thus reinstate the principles of religion as they were before.”
The pure-hearted Visnuyasa invited many brahmanas that were expert in reciting the Rg Veda, Yajur Veda and Sama Veda, and had them perform the child’s name-giving ceremony.
The four exalted brahmanas (Lord Rama, Krpacarya, Vyasadeva and Asvattama) offered their obeisance unto Lord Vishnu, who had assumed the form of a human being.
Before Lord Kalki’s birth, three sons were born to Sumati: Kavi, Prajna and Sumantra.
Kalki left home to live at the asrama of His guru, because a brahmana have no power without its performance of austerity.

Chapter three. Lord Kalki Receives Benedictions From Lord Siva and Parvati
Parasurama, the guru said: “I am well-versed in the four Vedas, the literature dealing with grammar, and the six branches of the Vedas. I am very expert in the art of shooting arrows.”
The mission of Kalki is to reestablish sanatana-dharma. He has to conquer the entire world and to defeat many sinful kings.
Lord Kalki prays Lord Siva.
Garuda gave Lord Kalki a horse, a parrot and a sword to “reduce the heavy burden of the earth”.
Something happened with the people: “Due to the influence of the incarnation of the Supreme Lord, the husband of goddess Laksmi, everyone in the capital became a follower of religious principles. The king also became pious, so that he maintained his subjects with a pure heart.” (text. 34)
Lord Kalki receives the devotion of the king of his countri, Visakhayupa.

Chapter Four. Padmavati Receives a Benediction From Lord Siva
Lord Siva award benediction to Padmavati, the future wife of Lord Kalki.

Chapter Five. Padmavati’s Svayamvara
Padmavati is the personification of Maya. Any man who desires her turns into a woman.

Chapter Six. Suka Goes To Simhala as the Envoy of Lord Kalki
Conversation Between Padmavati And Suka, the parrot.

Chapter Seven. The Procedure for Worshiping Lord Visnu

Chapter Eight. Conversation Between Padmavati and Suka. Lord Kalki Goes To Simhala

Chapter Nine. The Meeting of Lord Kalki and Padmavati
Chaptre Ten. The Marriage of Lord Kalki To Padmavati. Prayers of the Kings To Lord Kalki

Chapter Eleven. The Story of Ananata and How He Was Influenced by Maya
Why do human beings have male and female bodies?
Why do our bodies change from childhood to boyhood and than to old age, and why are we subject to happiness and distress?

Chapter Twelve. The Meeting of Ananta and Hamsa
Maya’s influence creates the ignorance that forces the conditioned souls to uselessly transmigrate from one body to another in this material world.
The Supreme Lorde divided Himself into two – purusa and prakriti. In due course of time, the purusa manifests attraction for prakriti. From that attraction, false ego is produced, and from false ego, the three modes of material nature. Brahma, Visnu, and Mahesa are the predominating deities of the three modes of material nature.
The mind can be controlled only when the senses are regulated.
The mind is certainly the cause of bondage or liberation.
Devotional service is the best means for achieving liberation from material existence.

Chapter thirteen. Visvakarma Reconstructs the Village of Sambhala on the Order of Indra. The Arrival of Lord Kalki
Lord Kalki begot two sons in the womb of Padmavati: Jaya and Vijaya.
Lord Kalki set out his army to conquer the city of Kikatapura. Its inhabitants accepted their bodies as the self because they had no information of the eternal soul. They did not designate themselves or their families in terms of caste, and thus there was no conception of high or low birth. As far as earning wealth, marriage, or eating were concerned, they had no sense of discrimination.
The people of that city were interested only in eating, drinking, and making merry.

Chapter fourteen. Lord Kalki Conquers the Buddhists Who Opposed Him

Chapter fifteen. Lord Kalki Is Attacked By The Mleccha Women. Instructions by the Weapons Personified
Those who are beyond the influence of material attachement and affection consider birth and death to be like temporary interruptions of an eternal journey.
Whatever is experienced in this world is not ultimate reality.

Chapter sixteen. The Killing of the Raksasi, Kuthodari

Chapter seventeen. The Descendent of the Surya Dynasty and Lord Ramacandra’s Pastimes

Chapter eighteen. The Descendents of Lord Ramacandra. King Maru and King Devapi
The purpose is: “re-establish Satya-yuga for the welfare of all pious souls”.

Chapter nineteen. The Appearance of Satya-Yuga, and a Description of the Different Manus
There are fourteen Manus who appear in one day of Brahma.
Twelve thousand years of the demigods is the duration of the four yugas on earth. The duration of Satya-yuga is four thousand celestial years, Treta-yuga is three thousand celestial years, Dvapara-youga is two thousand celestial years, and Kali-yuga is one thousand celestial years.
The duration of the reign of each Manu is seventy-one cycles of the four yugas. Fourteen Manus reign during one day of Brahma. This is also the duration of Brahma’s night.

Chapter twenty. Lord Kalki Goes Out to Conquer Kali and His Allies
“To assist Dharma in his fight against Kali, saintly persons became his military garments and armor, the Vedas and Brahman became his chariot, the supplementary Vedic literature became his arrows and his determination, the seven notes of the musical scale became the seven horses driving his chariot, the brahmanas became the chariot driver, and Agni became his seat.”
Kali’s domain can be found wherever there is gambling and intoxication, as well as where women constantly quarrel. The men in this places are controlled by women.
The symbol on Kali’s chariot is an owl.
The battle between Lord Kalki and the two demon brothers, Koka and Vikoka.

Chapter twenty-one. The Followers of Kali Are Defeated. The Killing of Koka And Vikoka

Chapter twenty-two. Lord Kalki Travels To Bhallatanagara Ruled By Sasidhvaja. A Great Battle Takes Place

Chapter twenty-three. King Sasidhvaja Brings the Unconscious Lord Kalki to His Palace

Chapter twenty-four. The Prayers of Susanta. Lord Kalki Marries King Sasidhvaja’s Daughter

Chapter twenty-five. The Devotion of Sasidhvaja And His Previous History
“Persons in the mode of goodness are called devotees, persons in the mode of passion are mad after sense gratification, and persons in the mode of ignorance engage in all kinds of abominable activities.”

Chapter twenty-six. The Glories of the Devotees of Lord Hari

Chapter twenty-seven. The Story of Dvivida Gorilla. King Sasidhvaja’s Previous Birth as King Satrajit

Chapter twenty-eight. Lord Kalki Travels to Kancananagara Where He Delivered Visankaya
“A saintly person’s curse is actually a manifestation of his mercy. I now understand that the sage’s curse was actually a blessing. As a result of the sage’s curse, I was able to see You face to face.”

Chapter twenty-nine. Prayers Offered to Maya-Devi, and the Deliverance Of King Sasidhvaja
“It is the duty of the spiritual master to simply faithfully repeat whatever he has heard from his predecessors.”

Chapter thirty. Lord Kalki and Visnuyasa Perform Sacrifices Instructions by Narada Muni
“The heart of a saintly person is the abode of religious principles, his words are those of the eternal Lord, and his activities destroy the reactions of karma. Therefore, a saintly person is non-different from Lord Hari.”
Genuine knowledge leads to detachment from material ambitions.

Chapter thirty-one. The Vow of Rukmini

Chapter thirty-two. Lord Kalki Enjoys Pastimes With His Consorts

Chapter thirty-three. The Demigods Arrive at Sambhala. The Disappearance of Lord Kalki
“I have thus narrated the pastimes of the incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Kalki. During His reign, by His supreme will, no one in the world was sinful or impoverished. There were no atheists or cheaters, and everyone enjoyed a long duration of life. All living entities were freed from the threefold material miseries, as well as disease, envy, and death. Thus, everyone lived peacefully and prosperously. Lord Kalki was a very magnanimous incarnation of Lord Hari. Simply by hearing these pastimes of Lord Kalki, all of one’s desires will be fulfilled.”

Chapter thirty-four. Prayers offered to Mother Ganga

Chapter thirty-five. The Glories of Hearing Sri Kalki Purana
This Kalki Purana consists of five branches of knowledge – creation, sub-creation, the dynasties of the sun and moon, the Manus, and the pastimes of the descendents in the dynasties of the sun and moon.
By carefully studying this literature, a brahmana becomes expert in all kinds of Vedic understanding, a ksatriya becomes a powerful ruler of men, a vaisya attains wealth and prosperity, and a sudra becomes an exalted personality.

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